Since the emergence of a clean conscience to Man as an individual, another consciousness, spiritual approach to the world around him, way to give meaning to the incomprehensible events, to bring together members of society under same denominator identity and to legitimize the organization of the same company has also developed: religion.
There is one God. Christ refers to him when he says that the Lord our God is one Lord. In this, Christianity remains faithful to Judaism. God being what it is can not be multiple.
The dogma of the Trinity, which is unique to Christianity is built from the fourth to fifth century, between the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Chalcedon.
This construction, over the councils, is expressed in terms of philosophy available at the time, that of Plotinus.
The question of the existence of God
According to tradition, the evidence presented are not the same. Note that, in Judaism, the issue does not arise, not taboo, but the fact of the conception of transcendence.
Evidence of the existence of God.
* In Christianity, given by the medieval philosophers, these five traditional proofs were largely deconstructed by the irruption of Cartesian philosophy which establishes another pension reasoning: the deductive reasoning that deconstructs the syllogism.
A question revisited anew.
Peter Geach, Richard Swinburne, Alvin Plantinga, Antony Flew, John Leslie Mackie, Jordan Howard Sobel, se demandent quelle raison nous avons d’affirmer ou de contester l’existence d’un être surnaturel dont dépendrait l’existence du monde.
While other philosophers are either Catholics or Protestants or Anglicans, the characteristic of Antony Flew, who assured him increased notoriety in the last 5 years, is to have been for years, a prominent philosopher of religion and to have claimed his atheism. He came to see around his 81st year, that not only the question of the existence of God was important but that the existence of God could be a variant of the teleological argument, that the Anglo-Saxons call fine tuning in some way, the argument of the best of possible worlds.
He considers that, the complexity of the world appears in human knowledge, this argument is more powerful basis for theism. Some activists of the cause of atheism are found and declared embarrassed for some, that this conversion was wishful thinking of believers, despite the letter to Philosophy Now Flew and others that the dear Professor was already old.